A pipe fitting is defined as a part used in a piping system, for changing direction, branching or for change of pipe diameter, and which is mechanically joined to the system. There are many different types of fittings and they are the same in all sizes and schedules as the pipe.
Fittings are divided into three groups:
Butt-weld (BW) fittings whose dimensions, dimensional tolerances et cetera are defined in the ASME B16.9 standards. Light-weight corrosion resistant fittings are made to MSS SP43.
Socket Weld (SW) fittings Class 3000, 6000, 9000 are defined in the ASME B16.11 standards.
Threaded (THD), screwed fittings Class 2000, 3000, 6000 are defined in the ASME B16.11 standards.
Seamless pipe/tube butt-welded fittings, Welded pipe/tube butt-welded fittings, Plate butt-welded fittings, High pressure fittings, and Special fittings etc...
Material and Performance
The most common materials used in fittings produced is carbon steel, stainless steel, cast iron, aluminium, copper, etc...
In addition, fittings, like pipes, for specific purposes sometimes internally equipped with layers of materials of a completely different quality as the fitting themselves, which are "lined fittings".
The material of a fitting is basically set during the choice of the pipe, in most cases, a fitting is of the same material as the pipe.
See the details of various products.